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耐高温轴承

农机具易损件之轴承的失效形式、磨损、折断

[ 关键词:农机具易损件 轴承 失效形式 磨损 折断  发表日期:2021-10-21 14:27:07 ]

  XIANZAIZHENGSHIGENGZHONGDESHIHOU,GEZHONGNONGJIDOUZAIGAOFUHEYUNZHUAN,NONGJIJUYISUNJIANZAIDALIANGXIAOHAO。WOMENYIZHOUCHENGWEILI,JIANGSHUTADEXINGNENGYAOQIU、GONGZUOHUANJING、SHIXIAOXINGSHI、MOSUNYUANYIN、ZHEDUAN、YINGDUIFANGFAJIFANGHUCUOSHI。

一、农机具典型易损件

TUOLAJI:NEIRANJIYOUQIGANGTAO、QUZHOU、LIANGAN、HUOSAI、QIMEN、QIGANG、DIANZI、PENYOUZUI、QIHUAQIDENG。

CHESHEN:CHILUN、ZHUANXIANGJIGOU、LUNTAIDENG。

YUANPANPA:YUANPANPADEPAPIAN

XUANGENGJI:XUANGENGJIDEXUANGENGPIAN

CHAZHIJI:CHAYANGCHI。

DAKUNJI:CHUANZHEN、DAKONGQI

BOZHONGJI:BOZHONGJITUI、ZHONGZIXIANG

LIANHESHOUGEJI:SHOUGEDAO

CHOUSHUIJI:SHUIDAI

PENGUANJIXIE:PENZUI

DAJINGJI:ZUANGAN

LIZI:LIPIAN

NONGYONGYUNSHUJIXIE:LUNGU、CHACHE、TILUNTAI。

二、农机具主流材质及制造方法

1. PUBIANCAIYONGJINGJIDUANMIANGANGGUANHELENGGUANXINGGANGZUOWEIJIJIAHEGOUJIANCAILIAO,ZHEIXIEJIEGOUCAILIAOSHIYINGGAOSU、KUANFU、QIANGDUGAO、ZHONGLIANGQING、YIGUDINGHECHAIXIE,ZAIHEJIAOXIAODEJINGJIDUANMIANGANGGUANCAIYONGDITANFEITENGGANGZHIZAO,ZAIHEJIAODADELI,PAJIJIAZHUYAOCAIYONGDIHEJINMENGGANGZHIZAO。

2. GUANGFANCAIYONGCHONGYAYIHANJIEJIEGOU,YIJIANQINGJIQIDEZHONGLIANG,CHONGYAYIHANJIEDEBOBANJIEGOUYONGLIANGZUIHAODESHIGUWULIANHESHOUGEJI。

3. CAIYONGJINGMIZHIZAOHEFENMODUANZAO,YIJIANSHAOJIXIEJIAGONGYULIANGHEJIANGDICHENGBEN,ZAINONGJIJULINGJIANZHONG,ZHUJIANYIBANZHAN4CT50%。QIZHONGHENDUOLINGJIANDEZHIZAOYISHIYONGJINGMIZHUZAODAITISHAXINGZHUZAO。

4. YUELAIYUEDUODECAIYONGLENGBACAILIAOHEGAOSUYANMOGONGYI。

5. GUANGFANCAIYONGSULIAO、XIANGJIAODENGFEIJINSHUCAILIAO。

三、以齿轮为例

  WOMENYICHILUNWEILI,JIANGSHUTADEXINGNENGYAOQIU、GONGZUOHUANJING、SHIXIAOXINGSHI、MOSUNYUANYIN、ZHEDUAN、YINGDUIFANGFAJIFANGHUCUOSHI。

基本性能要求

1. CHUANDIYUNDONGZHUNQUEXING

  YAOQIUCHILUNJIAOZHUNQUEDICHUANDIYUNDONG,CHUANDONGBIHENGDING。JIYAOQIUCHILUNZAIYIZHUANZHONGDEZHUANJIAOWUCHABUCHAOGUOYIDINGFANWEI。

2. CHUANDIYUNDONGPINGWENXING

  YAOQIUCHILUNCHUANDIYUNDONGPINGWEN,YIJIANXIAOCHONGJI、ZHENDONGHEJISHENG。JIYAOQIUXIANZHICHILUNZHUANDONGSHISHUNSHISUBIDEBIANHUA。

3. ZAIHEFENBUJUNYUNXING

  YAOQIUCHILUNGONGZUOSHI,CHIMIANJIECHUYAOJUNYUN,YISHICHILUNZAICHUANDIDONGLISHIBUZHIYINZAIHEFENBUBUYUNERSHIJIECHUYINGLIGUODA,YINQICHIMIANGUOZAOMOSUN。JIECHUJINGDUCHULEBAOKUOCHIMIANJIECHUJUNYUNXINGYIWAIHAIBAOKUOJIECHUMIANJIHEJIECHUWEIZHI。

4. CHUANDONGCEXIDEHELIXING

  YAOQIUCHILUNGONGZUOSHI,FEIGONGZUOCHIMIANJIANLIUYOUYIDINGDEJIANXI,YIZHUCUNRUNHUAYOU,BUCHANGYINWENDU、DANXINGBIANXINGSUOYINQIDECHICUNBIANHUAHEJIAGONG、ZHUANGPEISHIDEYIXIEWUCHA。

农机具齿轮的工作环境

  NONGJIJUYIBANZAIHANDIHUOSHUITIANZHONGGONGZUO,YAOQIUTIJIXIAO、ZHONGLIANGQING,TONGSHINONGJIJUYOUYOUDAGONGLVDEYAOQIU,YUQITAJIXIEZHUANGBEISHANGDECHILUNXIANGBI,NONGJIJUCHILUNCHUANDONGJUYOUDUTEDETEDIAN:

1. ZHONGZAI

2. DISU

3. SHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGZAIHEBIANHUADA

农机具齿轮的主要失效形式

  NONGJIJUSHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGZAIHEBIANHUAJIAODA,ZAIHEJIAODASHIYINQIDEZHENDONGHECHONGJIHUIDAOZHI。

农机具齿轮的主要失效形式

齿轮磨损的原因

1. RUNHUABULIANG

  ZAICHILUNCHUANDONGZHONG,JINLIANGBIMIANGANMOCAHUOZHEBANMOCA。SHIYONGZHEWANGWANGBUZHUYIZHEIYIWENTI,SHIYONGBUHEGEDERUNHUAYOU,HUOSHIYONGZHONGBUZHUYITIANJIARUNHUAYOU,HUOBUZHUYIBAOYANG,SHIRUNHUAYOUGUOZANG,ZAOCHENGCHILUNGANMOCAHUOBANGANMOCA,ZHISHICHILUNZAOQIMOSUN,YINGXIANGQISHIYONGSHOUMING。

2. CHILUNCHAOFUHEGONGZUO

  GEZHONGJIXINGTUOLAJICHILUNDOUSHIANYIDINGFUHESHEJIZHIZAODE。HENDUOSHIYONGZHEWANGWANGSHOUJINGJILIYIDEQUSHI。“XIAOMALADACHE” ,SHICHILUNZHANGQICHAOFUHEGONGZUO,CHILUNSUOCHENGSHOUDEZUOYONGLICHAOGUOZISHENCAILIAODEXUYONGLI,ZAOCHENGCHILUNDEZHEDUANHUOBIANXING。

3. CAOZUOBUDANG

  DADUOSHUJISHOUBUJINGGUONONGJIHUAXUEXIAOCAOZUOJISHUPEIXUN,BUDONGCAOZUOGUICHENG,CAOZUOJISHUCHA,WANGWANGYINENGRANGTUOLAJIZOUDONGWEI“HUI”KAICHE,CAOZUOZHONG “QIBU3HUITOU” ,ZHUANWANMENGJIAYOU”,GUAISIWAN,LIHEQIFENLIBUCHEDI,CUBAOHUANDANGDENG,ZAOCHENGCHILUNDEYANZHONGMOSUNHUOSUNHUAI。

4. BAOYANGBUJISHI,WEIXIUDIAOZHENGBUDANG

  SHIYONGZHEHUSHIDUICHILUNDEBAOYANG,BUANGUIDINGJIANCHADIAOZHENGHUOXIULI,HUOZHEBUDONGWEIXIUJISHU,DUICHILUNXIULIBUHELI,ANZHUANGBUZHENGQUE,DOUKENENGZAOCHENGCHILUNZAOQIMOSUN,SUODUANCHILUNSHIYONGSHOUMING。

轮齿折断

  CHILUNSHOULIHOU,ZAICHIGENBUCHANSHENGDEWANQUYINGLIZUIDA,QIEZAICHIGENGUODUYUANJIAOCHUYOUYINGLIJIZHONG。RUGUOCHILUNDEJIAOBIANYINGLICHAOGUOLECAILIAODEPILAOJIXIAN,ZAICHIGENYUANJIAOCHUJIANGCHANSHENGPILAOLIEWEN,SUIZHELIEWENDEBUDUANFAZHAN,ZUIZHONGJIANGZAOCHENGWANQUPILAOZHEDUAN。

1. CHILUNDESHEJICANSHUXUANZEBUHELI

  ZAISHEJISHIRUGUOXUANYONGDECHILUNMOSHUPIANXIAO,JIUHUISHICHILUNDEWANQUYINGLIJIAODA、ANQUANXISHUCHUYULINJIEZHI,FUHEZENGDA,YINQILUNCHIZHEDUAN。

2. CHILUNDEJIAGONGJINGDUHEANZHUANGJINGDUDI

  RUGUOCHILUNDEJIAGONGJINGDUHEANZHUANGJINGDUDI,JIUSHICHILUNDECHIMIANJIECHUBULIANG,CHANSHENGPIANZAIHEJIAODADEZHENDONG,SHILUNCHIYINJUBUGUOZAIERZHEDUAN。

3. CAILIAOXUANZEBUHELIYURECHULIBUDANG

  CHILUNDECAILIAOJIRECHULIFANGSHIXUANZEBUDANG,YESHILUNCHIGUOZAIDUANLIEDEYIGEYINSU。

轮齿折断应对方法

1. HELIDISHEJILUNCHIDECANSHU。ZAITIAOJIANXUKEDEFANWEINEI,YINGXUANYONGJIAODADECHILUNMOSHU。

2. TIGAOCHILUNDEJIAGONGJINGDUHEANZHUANGJINGDU。ZENGDACHIGENGUODUCHUDEYUANJIAOQULVBANJING,XIAOCHUGAICHUJIAGONGDAOHEN,ZHUYICAILIAONEIBUQUEXIANDEJIANCEHEXIAOCHU。ZENGDAZHOUHEZHICHENGCHUDEGANGDU,TIGAOANZHUANGJINGDU,BIMIANCHANSHENGJIAODADEZHENDONGHEPIANZAI。

3. HELIDIXUANZECAILIAOHERECHULIFANGSHI。TONGCHANGYOUZHIHEJINGANGDERENXINGKANGCHONGJIXINGYAOYOUYUTANGANGHEYIBANHEJINGANG。SHENTANCUIHUOCHULIDECHILUN,QIWANQUQIANGDUHEJIECHUQIANGDUDOUYAOGAOYUDIAOZHICHILUNHEYIBANCUIHUOCHILUN。

齿轮磨损的防护措施

1. BAOZHENGCHILUNJIANDELIANGHAORUNHUA。SHIYONGHEGEDERUNHUAYOU;JISHIBUCHONGRUNHUAYOU;JISHIGENGHUANRUNHUAYOU。

2. ZIJUEFANGZHICHILUNCHAOFUHEGONGZUO。SHIYONGZHONG,BUCHAOZAI,FANGZHICHILUNCHAOFUHEGONGZUO。

3. YANGCHENGLIANGHAODECAOZUOFANGFA。BUMENGJIAYOUMEN,HUANDANGZHUNQUEJISHI,YANGCHENGLIANGHAODECAOZUOXIGUAN,SHULIANHUANDANG。

4. JISHIBAOYANGCHILUN,ZHENGQUEANZHUANGHEXIULICHILUN。BUPOHUAICHILUNDEYUANSHIGONGZUOWEIZHI;ZHENGQUEDIAOZHENGCHILUN;BAOZHENGZHENGQUEDEZHOUCHENGJIANXI;WANHAODEYOUFENGHEMIFENGDIAN;CHENGDUIGENGHUANCHILUN。